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19th Century Dance
The Lancers carried the tradition of the Quadrille well into the Victorian period during which time no ball was complete without one or two "set dances". The Lancers was one of the most popular dances of this type and remained so during the 19th Century.
Viennese Waltz
Originally derived from the German "Landler", the Viennese Waltz first appeared in the ballrooms of Europe in 1812 and enjoyed a century of popularity. The face to face hold with the man's arm on the lady's back scandalised society but was embraced by young fashionable people of the day. The dance eventually became acceptable to all society and was even reputed to have been danced by Queen Victoria.
The Polka, generally believed to have originated as a peasant dance in Bohemia, was at the height of its popularity in the mid to late 19th century. It was very energetic and originally frowned upon by the older Victorian generation, and was seen as a bawdy dance before being accepted by mainstream society.
During the mid 19th Century the Mazurka, from Poland, was extremely fashionable in the ballrooms of Europe. The Mazurka step was incorporated extensively into other dances creating a Polka-Mazurka or a Mazurka-Waltz. It was a very elegant dance and was easily accepted by Victorian society, who had already come to terms with the Waltz and the Polka
Scottish dancing was generally considered very chic during the Victorian period and the Schottische was first danced to the rhythm of the Strathspey in the mid 19th century. The dance itself is reputed to have originated much earlier in Bavaria under the name "Rheinlaender" and its name is, indeed, simply the German spelling of the word Scottish.